[PDF] Unlimited Ã The Western Lands : by William S. Burroughs
William Burroughs s profound, revealing, and often astonishing meditation on morality, loneliness, life, and death a Book of the Dead for the nuclear age
William S. Burroughs
William Seward Burroughs II, also known by his pen name William Lee February 5, 1914 August 2, 1997 was an American novelist, short story writer, essayist, painter, and spoken word performer A primary figure of the Beat Generation and a major postmodernist author, he is considered to be one of the most politically trenchant, culturally influential, and innovative artists of the 20th century His influence is considered to have affected a range of popular culture as well as literature Burroughs wrote 18 novels and novellas, six collections of short stories and four collections of essays Five books have been published of his interviews and correspondences He also collaborated on projects and recordings with numerous performers and musicians, and made many appearances in films.He was born to a wealthy family in St Louis, Missouri, grandson of the inventor and founder of the Burroughs Corporation, William Seward Burroughs I, and nephew of public relations manager Ivy Lee Burroughs began writing essays and journals in early adolescence He left home in 1932 to attend Harvard University, studied English, and anthropology as a postgraduate, and later attended medical school in Vienna After being turned down by the Office of Strategic Services and U.S Navy in 1942 to serve in World War II, he dropped out and became afflicted with the drug addiction that affected him for the rest of his life, while working a variety of jobs In 1943 while living in New York City, he befriended Allen Ginsberg and Jack Kerouac, the mutually influential foundation of what became the countercultural movement of the Beat Generation.Much of Burroughs s work is semi autobiographical, primarily drawn from his experiences as a heroin addict, as he lived throughout Mexico City, London, Paris, Berlin, the South American and Tangier in Morocco Finding success with his confessional first novel, Junkie 1953 , Burroughs is perhaps best known for his third novel Naked Lunch 1959 , a controversy fraught work that underwent a court case under the U.S sodomy laws With Brion Gysin, he also popularized the literary cut up technique in works such as The Nova Trilogy 1961 64 In 1983, Burroughs was elected to the American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters, and in 1984 was awarded the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres by France Jack Kerouac called Burroughs the greatest satirical writer since Jonathan Swift , a reputation he owes to his lifelong subversion of the moral, political and economic systems of modern American society, articulated in often darkly humorous sardonicism J G Ballard considered Burroughs to be the most important writer to emerge since the Second World War , while Norman Mailer declared him the only American writer who may be conceivably possessed by genius.Burroughs had one child, William Seward Burroughs III 1947 1981 , with his second wife Joan Vollmer Vollmer died in 1951 in Mexico City Burroughs was convicted of manslaughter in Vollmer s death, an event that deeply permeated all of his writings Burroughs died at his home in Lawrence, Kansas, after suffering a heart attack in 1997.
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