[PDF] Download ☆ Discourse on Method | by ↠ René Descartes Donald A. Cress


  • Title: Discourse on Method
  • Author: René Descartes Donald A. Cress
  • ISBN: 9780872204225
  • Page: 478
  • Format: Paperback

  • By far the most widely used translation in North American college classrooms, Donald A Cress s translation from the French of the Adam and Tannery critical edition is prized for its accuracy, elegance, and economy The translation featured in the Third Edition has been thoroughly revised from the 1979 First Edition and includes page references to the critical edition forBy far the most widely used translation in North American college classrooms, Donald A Cress s translation from the French of the Adam and Tannery critical edition is prized for its accuracy, elegance, and economy The translation featured in the Third Edition has been thoroughly revised from the 1979 First Edition and includes page references to the critical edition for ease of comparison.
    René Descartes Donald A. Cress
    Ren Descartes, also known as Renatus Cartesius Latinized form , was a highly influential French philosopher, mathematician, scientist, and writer He has been dubbed the Father of Modern Philosophy, and much of subsequent Western philosophy is a response to his writings, which continue to be studied closely His influence in mathematics is also apparent, the Cartesian coordinate system that is used in plane geometry and algebra being named for him, and he was one of the key figures in the Scientific Revolution.Descartes frequently sets his views apart from those of his predecessors In the opening section of the Passions of the Soul, a treatise on the Early Modern version of what are now commonly called emotions, he goes so far as to assert that he will write on his topic as if no one had written on these matters before Many elements of his philosophy have precedents in late Aristotelianism, the revived Stoicism of the 16th century, or in earlier philosophers like St Augustine In his natural philosophy, he differs from the Schools on two major points First, he rejects the analysis of corporeal substance into matter and form second, he rejects any appeal to ends divine or natural in explaining natural phenomena In his theology, he insists on the absolute freedom of God s act of creation.Descartes was a major figure in 17th century continental rationalism, later advocated by Baruch Spinoza and Gottfried Leibniz, and opposed by the empiricist school of thought consisting of Hobbes, Locke, Berkeley, and Hume Leibniz, Spinoza and Descartes were all versed in mathematics as well as philosophy, and Descartes and Leibniz contributed greatly to science as well As the inventor of the Cartesian coordinate system, Descartes founded analytic geometry, the bridge between algebra and geometry, crucial to the invention of calculus and analysis Descartes reflections on mind and mechanism began the strain of Western thought that much later, impelled by the invention of the electronic computer and by the possibility of machine intelligence, blossomed into the Turing test and related thought His most famous statement is Cogito ergo sum French Je pense, donc je suis English I think, therefore I am , found in 7 of part I of Principles of Philosophy Latin and in part IV of Discourse on the Method French.


    Commentaires:

    Stephen
    3.0 to 3.5 stars (though as mentioned below, the first four sections get 4 to 5 stars). One of the most influential works in history of modern science/philosophy, the full name of the work is "Discourse on the Method of Rightly Conducting One's Reason and of Seeking Truth in the Sciences." It is a work that deals with the ascertaining of knowledge from "first principals" and creates a method from which all research into scientific principals could be based. He begins by saying that because so ma [...]

    Darwin8u
    “e perusal of all excellent books is, as it were, to interview with the noblest men of past ages, who have written them.” ― René Descartes, Discourse on MethodThere are certain books that are hugely influential and fantastic reads. This one was hugely influential. In many ways modern science (and philosophy) owes a great deal to some of the frameworks, methods, and rationalities posited by Descartes in this book. Hell, even the idea of starting off skeptical and building from there owes a [...]

    Luís C.
    Man, epicenter of nature and of the world, is a spirit endowed with a consciousness to "mater", unlike animals By his faculty to think, to experiment, to order his thought, everyone has to doubt to seek his own "truth", whether scientific, spiritual or ideological. Descartes , a master of modern mathematics, of Cartesian thought, of empirical doubt, of methodical reasoning, revolutionized the scientific and philosophical thought of his time and of centuries to come. He is already distinguished f [...]

    Ioana
    I concede the point: my entire philosophical raison d'être orbits around the deconstruction of the false dualism unleashed upon the world by René. Though, albeit, alas, perhaps it is unfair to blame him entirely, seeing as the Greeks started it, and considering that R. was most likely just articulating an ethos since embodied by “Western” (European) civilization.Dualism: the idea of separation, articulation, and demarcation, specifically into a binary framework, is the essential construct [...]

    Το Άσχημο Ρύζι Καρολίνα
    Η πραγματεία αυτή, δημοσιευμένη στα 1637, στην καρδιά του Τριακονταετούς Πολέμου, από έναν άνθρωπο ασθενικό και φοβισμένο, αλλά και πεπεισμένο για την αλήθεια των συλλογισμών του (έχει τα πειράματά του πάνω από όλα και μια προπαρασκεύη από προηγούμενες μελέτες του επάνω στη [...]

    Rowland Pasaribu
    The Discourse on the Method is a fascinating book, both as a work of philosophy and as a historical document. Descartes lived and worked in a period that Thomas Kuhn would call a "paradigm shift": one way of thinking, one worldview, was slowly being replaced by another. Descartes's work, while part of the new paradigm, still has one leg in the old mode of thought.The old, waning worldview was scholastic Aristotelianism. The Aristotelian paradigm had a conception of the mind, of knowledge, and of [...]

    Seval Yılmaz Koşar
    Descartes'ı hepimiz hayatımızın bir döneminde duymuşuzdur. Rasyonalizmin ve kartezyenciliğin kurucusu, modern batı felsefesinin babası olarak kabul edilen Descartes, başyapıtı olarak kabul edilen Yöntem Üzerine Konuşma'yı 1637 yılında yayımlamış. Gallilei'in başına gelenleri duyan Descartes, muhtemelen eserini bir miktar elden geçirip sansürlemiş. O ünlü "düşünüyorum öyleyse varım" (cogito ergo sum) önermesinin de bulunduğu bu kitapta kendi hayatından da özy [...]

    M.
    "Dahası bana göre şu önerme, yani Düşünüyorum, öyleyse varım ya da mevcudum önermesinin doğruluğu o kadar kesin ve o kadar açıktı ki" (s.70)Düşünüyorum öyleyse varım sözüyle meşhur olan filozof Descartes'in başyapıtı olarak kabul edilen Yöntem Üzerine Konuşma yazarın iki temel görüşü üzerine kurulu. Bunlardan ilki, kişinin her şeyden şüphe edebileceği lakin düşünen benliğinden şüphe edemeyeceği:"Sonra dikkatle kim olduğuma baktım ve gördüm ki, [...]

    bugen
    Summary of my notes on the Discourse, by part:I. The premise is introduced that reason is naturally equal in all, and truth is to be found by conducting it correctly. Descartes attempts to show how he himself has attempted this, not to dictate how everyone should.II. The method. Descartes wished to rebuild the very foundations upon which his opinions and views were formed. He decided to do this by systematic doubt. The key point is to never accept as true anything that is not known to be evident [...]

    Abdulla Awachi
    مراجعة كتاب “ حديث الطريقة “ للفيلسوف الفرنسي رينيه ديكارتهذا الكتاب هو أول كتاب أقرأه لديكارت ، بعد أن قرأت عنه كثيراً هنا و هناك ، و لكني كنت قد آليت على نفسي ألا أقرأ للفلاسفة إلا من كتبهم و أتجنب أي سرد أو تلخيص أو شرح لفكرهم و نتاجهم و ذلك بعد سماع نصيحة شوبنهاور، و إني لأ [...]

    Ahmed Oraby
    ما رأيي بالكتاب؟ هل أنت مهتم؟ اقرأ معي إذًا:يا إخوتي، هأنذا، بعد عمري كله، وبعد ما عايشته. وخبرته، وعلمت من التجارب، والشواهد، والأدلة، ما يؤكد كلامي ورأيي، وأؤكد لكم، بل وأكاد أتيقن، وأجزم، وأقطع، أن رأيي، الذي أقول به، وأعتقده، لهو صحيح، وكل هذا، لا يرجع، فقط، لكوني عايشته [...]

    Mehdi
    حالا ما که هیچی نیستیم در عرصه فلسفه ولی به نظرم کتابش چیز خاصی نداشت و اساسا مسیر واحدی هم نداشت؛ از تشریح عملکرد قلب تا اثبات خدا از طریق عقلکتاب کوچکی است اما واقعا خواندنش سخت است؛ چون هیچ انسجامی و اساسا محتوای ویژه ای ندارد

    Susana
    Mais uma leitura obrigatória, desta vez no 11º ano.Talvez um dia cá volte

    Foad
    دکارت، در بیست و دو سه سالگی، بیشتر مابعد الطبیعه ی خودش رو پی ریزی کرد که البته، خیلی هم مابعد الطبیعه نبود. بلکه فقط مقدمه ی مختصری بود تا از شک رها بشه و بتونه به علوم دیگه بپردازه. چرا که به قول خودش، مابعدالطبیعه مثل تنه ی درخته و علوم دیگه، مثل شاخه. تا این تنه در جای درستی ر [...]

    Francisco H. González
    La literatura como alimento para el espíritu. Así entiendo este libro del padre de la filosofía moderna. Una lectura primordial. Su brevedad ayuda además a vencer ciertas reticencias que se puedan oponer a su lectura.

    Timothy Matias
    Rene’ Descartes’ “Discourse on the Method” is one of the most difficult books for me to review, in that it is half inspiring to me, and half disappointing; what starts out as a brilliant doubting methodology, eliminating whatever can be doubted until there is nothing left than can be by any conjecture or hypothesis be reasonably doubted- arrive at a basic, fundamental truth, providing a firm rational foundation from other truths can be derived. Unfortunately, once Descartes discovers thi [...]

    Ahmed Abdelazim
    لابد لنا من الوقوف هنا لننظر متأملين الى احدى مكتسبات الانسانيه هنا مرحلة انعطاف هامه في تاريخ الهوموسابيانز والعلوم الانسانيه المكتسبه تماما حالها كحال منازعة كوبرينيكوس لافكار بطليموس القائله بمركزية الارض والتي روّج لها جاليلو لاحقا، وماديّة نيوتن، وتطوّر داروين، ونس [...]

    Nemo
    An Interview with DescartesN: Cartesius, ever since I read your treatise "Meditations on First Philosophy: In which the existence of God and the immortality of the soul are demonstrated", I've wished to meet you in person and discuss the subjects in detail.C: Is that why you imagined this conversation with me?N: Unfortunately, I have no power of imagination, with which you are abundantly gifted.C: Nemo, you're gifted with the faculty of reason, which all men have, and by which you can distinguis [...]

    Raúl
    ''La diversidad de nuestras opiniones no procede de que unos sean más racionales que otros, sino tan solo de que dirigimos nuestros pensamientos por caminos distintos y no consideramos las mismas cosas. No basta, ciertamente, tener un buen entendimiento: lo principal es aplicarlo bien''.Se suele hablar de la revolución de 1600 en referencia al triunfo del helicocentrismo copernicano y al nacimiento de la ciencia moderna, pero estas cosas funcionan a su ritmo, y no hay que olvidar que en aquell [...]

    Mel Vincent
    Rene Descartes is not only a pure optimist and a wide thinker but he too is very eloquent, charismatic, simple and very brilliant in how he fuses his ideas and arguments to that of different sciences such as anatomy and to an extent, psychology itself.While reading this it is as if you are not reading a highly charged philosophy book but instead it makes you think that it is in fact a travel novel, which is amazing. Rene Descartes articulately draws his own opinions on the environs, perceptions, [...]

    Tina Nazari
    1.روش دکارت برای درست راه بردن عقل این است که همه آن چه آموخته رها کند و از نو شروع کند به ساخت نظام فکری خود به این صورت که از بدیهی ترین حقایق آغاز کند و حقایق دیگر را با استدلال منطقی از آن مقدمات نتیجه بگیرد. اولین اصل بدیهی هم که در می یابد و می خواهد باقی حقایق را از آن به دست [...]

    TrumanCoyote
    Hard for me to take seriously someone who talks about perfection like it's a trait--when really it's more of a relationship between traits, or an aesthetic response to them. A master of taking 500 words to say something obvious (like Proust); and the relentless latinate style grew tiresome quickly. Also full of ridiculous insincerities: on the one hand he's leaving notes to posterity, then saying nobody cares about a schmucky little goober like himself. And with the last sentence he seems to be [...]

    Ben Loory
    HOW AWESOME I AM AND HOW I GOT TO BE THIS WAYthe first part's great, where he's talking about re-educating himself from the ground up and throwing away all the nonsensical crap that got poured into him by other people as he was growing up. but then once he gets started again from first principles or whatever, he immediately wanders off into some pretty shaky god stuff and then it just turns into a description of how the innards of the body work which hey, might be right, but ain't so interesting [...]

    Maud Bayat
    p= 59 que d'employer toute ma vie à cultiver ma raison, et m'avancer, autant que je pouvais, en la connaissance de la vérité, suivant la méthode que je m'étais prescrite. ص=۵۹ برای پرورش ذهنم از منطق خودم استفاده کنم٬ و خودم پیش برم٬ همون قدر که می تونم٬ با شناخت حقیقت٬ بر اساس شیوه ای که خودم تجویز کردم.p=144 je suis ce que je suis ص= ۱۴۴ من چیزی هستم که هستم

    Ali
    این کتاب درون کتاب سیر حکمت در اروپای فروغی پس از فصل دکارت به عنوان پایان جلد اول آورده شده است.بدون شک برای فهم فلسفه باید دکارت را خواند و برای فهم دکارت هم باید گفتار در روش را خواند

    Efe Karabulat
    Kafamda uzun zamandır bir soru: Tefekkür/meditasyon nasıl gerçekleştirilir?Bugünün dünyası size aşağı yukarı şöyle söyler: Bilginin sınırı yoktur. Bilinmesi mümkün o kadar çok bilgi vardır ki bunların tümünü öğrenmeye insan ömrünün ve aklının kafi gelmesine imkan yoktur. Öyle ki gelmiş geçmiş bütün insanlar düşünmüş, çalışıp çabalamış, eserler meydana getirmiş ve ancak bugün bildiklerimizi ortaya koyabilmiştir. Bildiklerimiz ise bilmedikleri [...]

    Hatem Mohy El-Dien
    تجاوزت آخر قسمين بشيء من السرعة لعدم اهتمامي بدرجة كبيرة بهما. تقييم الكتاب ككتاب خارج عن دائرة شهرته جيدة للغاية، خصوصًا أول قسمين اثناء تحدث ديكارت عن نفسه وتعامله مع فترة الشك، والقواعد التي وضعها لتجاوز مرحلة الشك،. وربما يكون حديثه شجعني بدرجة كبيرة لاستكمال القراءة بع [...]

    Erick
    I have some amount of ambivalence toward skeptical philosophy in general. It's a tradition that engendered enlightenment errors and, later, influenced atheistic materialism. Descartes wasn't an atheist or a materialist as such, but his system of skeptical doubt is still incredibly silly in my opinion. First of all, a system of doubt is a contradiction in terms; a system must be based on positive and actual constituents; doubt is a negative, not a positive, so it cannot be a foundation for any ge [...]

    Yann
    C'est agréable de se replonger dans ce classique des étudiants de terminale. Les trois premiers chapitres sont exemplaires. Descartes sert ici plus une autobiographie et une justification de son parcours intellectuel, qui consiste principalement en une remise à plat de ses connaissances suite à l'insatisfaction qu'il a ressentie des fruits qu'il a tiré de ses études, principalement Aristote. Il est clair que pour l'étude de la nature, on peut facilement trouver à reprendre les anciens. L [...]

    Anton D.
    Самая главная ошибка, которую совершают те, кто готовит рис — снимают крышку раньше времени. Или мешают его во время варки. Не нужно этого делать. Бросил рис в кипящую воду, поставил медленный огонь, накрыл кастрюлю крышкой и оставил на 5-8 минут. Всё. Не открываешь его до прош [...]

    • [PDF] Download ☆ Discourse on Method | by ↠ René Descartes Donald A. Cress
      478 René Descartes Donald A. Cress
    • thumbnail Title: [PDF] Download ☆ Discourse on Method | by ↠ René Descartes Donald A. Cress
      Posted by:René Descartes Donald A. Cress
      Published :2019-02-03T08:17:07+00:00